In the wake of the Great Recession, the issues of rising poverty and income inequality have been a recurring subject of academic study and debate amongst policymakers. Existing research tells us that a key driver of this structural change in our economy is the replacement of permanent, career workers with “temporary,” “contingent,” or “subcontracted” workers retained through staffing agencies or private contractors. In fact, since the end of the Great Recession (mid-2009), this segment of the workforce has grown at nine times the rate of traditional career employment.

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